Home >Documents >Sistemul de companii i factorii dezvoltƒrii

Sistemul de companii i factorii dezvoltƒrii

Date post:29-Jan-2017
Category:
View:217 times
Download:0 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • ACADEMIA DE STUDII ECONOMICE DIN BUCURETI

    IORGA (TRAC) DANIELA LIVIA

    SISTEMUL DE COMPANII I FACTORII

    DEZVOLTRII ACESTUIA. CAZUL

    ROMNIEI

    Colecia

    Cercetare avansat postdoctoral n tiine economice

    ISBN 978-606-505-984-9

    Editura ASE

    Bucureti 2015

  • Copyright 2015, Iorga(Trac) Daniela Livia

    Toate drepturile asupra acestei ediii sunt rezervate autorului.

    Editura ASE

    Piaa Roman nr. 6, sector 1, Bucureti, Romnia

    cod 010374

    www.ase.ro

    www.editura.ase.ro

    editura@ase.ro

    Refereni:

    Prof. univ. dr. Constantin MITRU

    Prof. univ. dr. Rodica PAMFILIE

    ISBN 978-606-505-984-9

    Autorul i asum ntreaga responsabilitate pentru ideile exprimate, pentru originalitatea materialului i pentru

    sursele bibliografice menionate.

    Aceast lucrare a fost cofinanat din Fondul Social European, prin Programul Operaional Sectorial Dezvoltarea

    Resurselor Umane 2007-2013, proiect POSDRU/159/1.5/S/142115 Performan i excelen n cercetarea

    doctoral i postdoctoral n domeniul tiinelor economice din Romnia.

    http://www.ase.ro/http://www.editura.ase.ro/

  • 3

    Cuprins

    Summary ................................................................................................................ 5

    Introducere ................................................................................................................ 7

    1. Capitol 1: Delimitri conceptuale privind sistemul de companii .................................... 9

    1.1. Este sistemul de companii un concept neglijat? ................................................................ 9

    1.2. Implicaiile teoriilor economice asupra sistemului de companii ................................ 12

    1.2.1. Compromisul pia-firm n teoria economic a firmei ............................................ 13

    1.2.2. Teoria dezvoltrii economice i factorii

    care susin dezvoltarea sistemului de companii ............................................................... 14

    1.2.2.1. Teoria modernizrii i rolul factorilor externi

    n susinerea dezvoltrii sistemului de companii ............................................................. 14

    1.2.2.2. Teoria dependenei i factorii interni

    care favorizeaz dezvoltarea sistemului de companii .................................................... 16

    1.3. Consecinele tranziiei postcomuniste asupra sistemului de companii ................. 17

    1.3.1. Persistena arieratelor ......................................................................................... 21

    1.3.2. Antreprenorii i cultura antreprenorial ......................................................................... 23

    1.4. Abordarea sistemic a companiilor ....................................................................... 24

    2. Capitol 2: Factorii care susin dezvoltarea sistemului de companii .............................. 27

    2.1. Contextul macroeconomic ..................................................................................................... 27

    2.2. Accesul la finanare ................................................................................................................. 31

    2.3. Cadrul de reglementare i impozitare ................................................................................ 34

    2.4. Activitile de cercetare-dezvoltare-inovare (CD&I) .................................................... 36

    2.5. Infrastructura ............................................................................................................................. 39

    3. Capitol 3: Competitivitatea companiilor din industria prelucrtoare

    cu raportri financiare n baza de date ORBIS ................................................................. 44

    3.1. Competitivitatea companiilor de talie mic ...................................................................... 46

    3.2. Performanele companiilor mari .......................................................................................... 53

    3.3. Starea de sntate a companiilor foarte mari ............................................................... 58

    3.4. Rolul IMM-urilor n mbuntirea coeziunii sociale din Romnia .......................... 62

    Concluzii .............. ....................................................................................... 68

    Surse bibliografice ........................................................................................................ 76

  • 4

    Contents

    Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 5

    Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 7

    1.Chapter 1: Conceptual delimitations concerning the system of companies ................ 9

    1.1. Is the system of companies a neglected concept? ............................................................. 9

    1.2. The involvement of economic theories in the system of companies ........................ 12

    1.2.1.The market-company agreement in the economic theory of the company ........... 13

    1.2.2.The economic development theory and the factors that support

    the development of the system of companies ................................................................... 14

    1.2.2.1.The modernization theory and the role of external factors

    in supporting the development of the system of companies ......................................... 14

    1.2.2.2.The dependency theory and internal factors that favour

    the development of the system of companies.. ....................................................... 16

    1.3.The post-communist transition consequences on the system of companies ............ 17

    1.3.1.Persistence of half-witted .................................................................................................... 21

    1.3.2.Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial culture ..................................................................... 23

    1.4.Companies systemic approach .............................................................................................. 24

    2.Chapter 2: Factors that support the development of the system of companies ........... 27

    2.1.Macroeconomic context .......................................................................................................... 27

    2.2.Access to finance ....................................................................................................................... 31

    2.3.Regulatory framework and taxation ................................................................................... 34

    2.4.Research-development-innovation activities (RD&I) .................................................... 36

    2.5.Infrastructure .............................................................................................................................. 39

    3.Chapter 3: Competitiveness of industrial manufacturing companies with financial

    reports in ORBIS database ......................................................................................................... 44

    3.1.Competitiveness of small-sized companies ....................................................................... 46

    3.2.Performances of large companies ......................................................................................... 53

    3.3.Health status of larger companies ................................................................................... 58

    3.4.The role of small and medium sized companies to upgrade

    the social cohesion of Romania ........................................................................................... 62

    Conclusions ................................................................................................................................... 68

    Bibliographical sources .................................................................................................................. 76

  • 5

    Summary

    The identification of the factors that support the development of the system of companies

    requires a complex and fascinating approach. This paper has two main objectives. On the one

    hand to identify and analyze the most relevant factors that support the development of the

    system of companies, from macroeconomic perspective, and consequently to formulate a

    hypothesis of the research, and on the other hand to analyse the health status of the system of

    companies in order to see if it confirms or infirm the hypothesis of the research.

    The paper is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter, titled Conceptual delimitations

    concerning the system of companies, we tried to identify the coverage of the system of

    companies, the involvement of the economic theories in this system and the recognition of the

    factors that support the development of this system.

    This first chapter includes in turn 3 subchapters. The first subchapter sets out to find the

    answer to the following question: Is the system of companies a neglected concept? and in

    this purpose, we read the speciality literature. The second subchapter is titled Involvement

    of economic theories in the system of companies and we read: the economic theory of the

    company, the theory of economic development with its two perspectives, namely the