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Ziua 1. BUCURESTI - BERLIN - ROSTOCK ( 230 km )  Intalnire in aeroportul Baneasa ora 12.30 si zbor Bucuresti-Berlin ora 14.15. Sosire ora 15.30 si deplasare in centrul istoric, vizitand Poarta Brandenburg, Cartierul St. Nicolas, Gendarmenmarket, Reichstagul renovat dupa incediul din 1933, adapostind astazi Parlamentul Germaniei reunite. Plecare in nord spre Rostock, oras port la Marea Baltica, de unde ne vom imbarca pe ferry-boat pentru trav ersarea in Suedia. Noapte la bord.  Berlin, Germania   1.TURNUL DE CONTROL AL AEROPORTULUI DIN BERLIN 2/3. OTTO BOCK HEALTHCARE / 2009 /  ARH.GNADINGER - A new building presents itself in the center of the New Berlin ± the Science Center Medical Technology at Potsdamer Platz. Starting from the idea of human muscle fibers, the Berlin architectural firm Gnädinger was assigned the task of creating an amorphous, abstract façade, which wraps dynamically around the six-storey, reinforced concrete frame, encompassing around 1,000 square meters of floor space. Behind the extravagant exterior with its convex and concave, tapered lines, three levels serve as exhibition space on over 500 square meters.  The fourth level is for training and conference rooms and the top floor serves as a dialogue platform for interdisciplinary communication between doctors, patients, therapists, orthopedic technicians and manufacturers.The architectural design was intended to bring high-tech and nature together in a harmonious manner. The organically- formed, white exterior buckled bands encircle the rounded body of the building, based on the model of human muscle fibers, a metaphor for the simulation of complex biological processes and structures. Running 12 meters high along the north and west façades is the so-called ³Walker´, a motion simula tion using 15 points of light that visually depict the theme of ³walking´ in the city space. The 15 points represent the great joints of the body, through the movement of which the physique, gender and mood of the walker can be recognized.    
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Ziua 1. BUCURESTI - BERLIN - ROSTOCK ( 230 km ) 

Intalnire in aeroportul Baneasa ora 12.30 si zbor Bucuresti-Berlin ora 14.15. Sosire ora 15.30 si deplasare in centrulistoric, vizitand Poarta Brandenburg, Cartierul St. Nicolas, Gendarmenmarket, Reichstagul renovat dupa incediul din 1933,adapostind astazi Parlamentul Germaniei reunite. Plecare in nord spre Rostock, oras port la Marea Baltica, de unde nevom imbarca pe ferry-boat pentru traversarea in Suedia. Noapte la bord. 

Berlin, Germania  

  1.TURNUL DE CONTROL AL AEROPORTULUI DIN BERLIN

 2/3. OTTO BOCK HEALTHCARE / 2009 /  ARH.GNADINGER - A new building presents itself in the center of the New Berlin ±the Science Center Medical Technology at Potsdamer Platz. Starting from the idea of human muscle fibers, the Berlinarchitectural firm Gnädinger was assigned the task of creating an amorphous, abstract façade, which wraps dynamicallyaround the six-storey, reinforced concrete frame, encompassing around 1,000 square meters of floor space. Behind theextravagant exterior with its convex and concave, tapered lines, three levels serve as exhibition space on over 500 squaremeters. The fourth level is for training and conference rooms and the top floor serves as a dialogue platform forinterdisciplinary communication between doctors, patients, therapists, orthopedic technicians and manufacturers.Thearchitectural design was intended to bring high-tech and nature together in a harmonious manner. The organically-formed, white exterior buckled bands encircle the rounded body of the building, based on the model of human musclefibers, a metaphor for the simulation of complex biological processes and structures. Running 12 meters high along thenorth and west façades is the so-called ³Walker´, a motion simulation using 15 points of light that visually depict thetheme of ³walking´ in the city space. The 15 points represent the great joints of the body, through the movement of which the physique, gender and mood of the walker can be recognized. 

 

 

 

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  18/19. MEMORIALUL E

REILOR  /2004/ PETER EISENMAN

 

  20. FILARMONICA /1963/ ARH. HANS SCHAROUN 21. SON

CENTER / 1996 / ARH.V 

OHN HELMUT 22. FABRICA DE TURBINE AEG / 1908 / ARH. PETER BREHMS 

23. PALATUL CONGRESELOR / 1956 / ARH. W. DUTTMANN 24. MU W  EUL SEC 20 / 1968 / ARH. MIES

AN DER ROHE 25. STADIONUL OLIMPIC // ARH. W. MARCH  

   

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  26. POARTA BRANDENBURG / 1789 -1791 / ARH. CARL GOTTHARD LANGHANS (1732-1808) - Este cel mai importantsimbol al oraului i concomitent simbol de stat de care sunt legate multe evenimente importante din istoria Berlinului, aGermaniei, a Europei i a lumii din secolul XX. Cldirea este în stilul neoclasicismului timpuriu. A fost prima constructie aorasului inspirata din antichitatea greaca. Este modelata dupa propileele de la Acropole. Neoclasicismul a fost influentatde stilurile antice, pe care le-a adaptat si dezvoltat. 27. CATEDRALA DIN BERLIN /1454 / ARH. Martin Böhme (1717),

ohann Boumann the Elder (1747-1750), Karl FriedrichSchinkel (1817 and 1820-1822),

ulius and Otto Raschdorff, father and son (1894-1905) ± Stilurile capatate in timp aufost: renascentist pana in 1538 / gotic (1538-1747) / baroc (1747-1822) / neoclasic (1817-1893) / neorenascentist din

1905 si pana in prezent. 28. SALA DE CONCERTE GENDARMENMARKT / 1819-1821 / ARH. KARL FRIEDRICH SCHINKEL ± Costruit pe fundatiateatrului Langhans dupa ce acesta a ars, a fost bazat pe planurile Partenonului si puternic influentat de arhitecturaelenistica. Folosind aceste stiluri, arhitectul a imprimat cladirii o importanta istorica. Ea este situata intre 2 biserici, iaraccesul se realizeaza printr-o scara monumentala ce duce la porticul in stil ionic. Interiorul aduce o simplificare aelementelor extravagante baroce timpurii si foloseste multiple perspective si iluzii pentru a anima aspectul clasic. 29. ALTES MUSEUM / 1823-1830 / ARH. KARL FRIEDRICH SCHINKEL ± Sau Muzeul Nou, acum este cunoscut ca Muzeul

 ̀

echi, este construit intre Palatul Prusac si catedrala. Fatada este compusa din 18 coloane in stil ionic, plan si fatadasimetrice la fel ca toate constructiile in stil neoclasic.

 

  

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   Rostock, Germania

 Este un ora în landul german Mecklenburg-Pomerania Anterioar, port la Marea Baltic, fost membru al Ligii Hanseatice.Rostock este un district urban, cruia i s-a acordat privilegiul de ora în anul 1218. Oraul se întinde la gura de vrsarea lui Warnow, pe o lungime de ca. 20 de kilometri de-a lungul coastei Mrii Baltice. Cea mai mare parte a oraului se aflpe malul de vest al râului Warnow, partea de est a oraului este compus dintr-o zon industrial i o zon împdurit(Rostocker Heide). Oraul are azi ca. 200.000 de locuitori fiind cel mai mare ora din landul Mecklenburg-

orpommern,el este un centru important de circulaie a mrfurilor i persoanelor, realizat prin circulaia rutier, feroviar imaritim. Rostock este cel mai important centru economic i cultural al landului. Universitatea din Rostock a luat fiinîn anul 1419, din punct de vedere economic în ora exist o infrastructur important a construciei navale, turismuluii sectorului de servicii publice. 

 

      

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   1. PERSPECTI

A AERIANA ASUPRA ORASULUI ROSTOCK2. HEDGE BUILDING / 2003 / ARH.KEMPE THILL  ± a fost construit ca pavilion expozitional pentru expozitia gradinilor IGAorganizata la Rostock. Acum serveste drept spatiu cultural local. Logica si rationalitatea agriculturii olandeze sunt element ele cedefinesc conceptul care a stat la baza acestui pavlion. Simplitatea formei face ca spatiul interior sa poata fi folosit in scopur iculturale diferite.3. TEATRUL DIN ROSTOCK / 1895-1942(DISTRUS)4. PRIMARIA DIN ROSTOCK5. FERIBOT

 Ziua 2. MALMO - GOTEBORG - JONKOPING ( 430 km ) Sosire in cursul diminetii la Telleborg, in sudul Suediei.

iziatam Malmo, al treilea oras al Suediei, al carui centru inca m aipastreaza atmosfera secolului 16, intalnita in arhitectura numeroaselor cladiri vechi. Printre atractii s e numara Biserica St. Petri,construita in stilul gotic baltic din sec 13, cunoscuta ca fiind una din cele mai mari din Europa. Sosim la Goteborg in jurulpranzului, cel de-al doilea oras al Suediei dupa Stockholm, situat pe tarmul Marii Nordului. Tur de o ras, incluzandKungsportsavenyn ( principalul bulevard ), Universitatea ( cea mai mare din Scandinavia ), Opera. Continuam traseul spre estu lsuediei. Cazare in

onkoping, oras pitoresc situat pe malul laculuic 

atern.   

Trellebörg, Suedia

 

Trelleborg is situated on the West Coast of Sjaeland is an excavatede 

iking camp dating from 980CE under HaroldBlueTooth. 

 

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Malmö, Suedia

Malmö is the third largest city of Sweden ( behind Stockholm and Göteborg). It lies in the deep southwest of the countryand has almost 275,000 inhabitants. Since 2000, the city is connected with Copenhagen, Denmark, and the rest of Europe,through the 8 kilometers long Oresund bridge.Until 1658, Malmö was a Danish city.It was founded in the 13thcentury as Malmhaug (sandpile).In 1437, Erik of Pomerania granted the City of Malmö its own coat of arms,which is still the official symbol of the city.Until 1658, Malmö prospered as one of Denmarks largest cities.In 1658, after the treaty of Roskilde (which ended a bloody war between Denmark and Sweden),Malmö became aSwedish city.At the beginning of the 18th century the city had some 2,300 inhabitants,but after wars and plagues, the population was

decimated to just over 1,500 by 1728. In the late 18th century the modern harbor was constructedand the city began expanding, reaching 3,800 inhabitants by 1800. In the two centuries that followed Malmö became acity based on shipbuilding and construction related industries, reaching 265,000 inhabitants by 1971.At the end of the last century, the city went through a large recession, with many jobs lost, a large budget deficit,inhabitants that fled town, and Sweden's largest unemployment rate.Luckily, in the last few years there has been a revival, mainly due to the economic integration brought about by theOresund Bridge, a university college founded in 1998, the university of Lund with its School of Technology (LTH),and the positve effects of integration into the European Union.At the beginning of the 21st century, Malmö was and still is undergoing a transition from being an industrial city to a cityof knowledge. Malmö has many old buildings and many parks. It also has many shops and a lot of shopping centers.But, one of the main attractions is 2005's addition to its (up to that point not very impressive) skyline: Turning Torso

 

  1/2. MU

f EUL DE ARTA MODERNA / 2008-2009 / ARH. BOLLE THAM

g MARTIN

IDEGARD / LOCATIE: GASh 

ERKSGATAN 22

 3/4/5. HSB TURNING TORSO / 2005 / ARH. SANTIAGO CALATRAh 

     

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 6/7. PODUL ORESUND / 2000 / ARH. DESIGNER GEORG RATNE Este cel mai lung pod din Europa si leaga Suedia (Malmo) de Danemarca (Copenhaga). Are o lungime de 7,845 km, 23,5m latime, 57 m h max. sub pod si zilnic este parcurs de aproximativ 17000 de masini. 8/9/10. CATEDRALA SF. PETRU /1300 /ARH. X -  In Malmö cea mai veche cldire este Biserica Sf. Petru. A fost construitîn secolul al 14-lea în stil gotic Caramida Baltic, probabil, dup Biserica Sf. Maria din Lübeck. Biserica este construit cuun naos, dou nave, transept i un turn care a czut de dou ori în secolul 15, si care a primit aspectul actual, în 1890.   

  

       Göteborg, Suedia

În anul 2006 populatia era de 489.787 locuitori în municipalitate i de 510.491 în zona urban, Göteborg fiind al doileamare ora al Suediei dupa Stockholm. Este situat în sud-vestul Suediei, pe malul Mrii Nordului, pe malul strâmtoriiKattegat. Este un important centru comercial i nod de transporturi (în special navale i aeriene). Göteborg este i un

important centru universitar, aici gsindu-se atât Universitatea din Göteborg, cea mai mare instituie de învmântsuperior din Scandinavia, cât i Chalmers Tekniska Högskola. Deoarece estuarul la Marea Nordului al Göta Älv este foarteprielnic pentru activitate portuar, Göteborg este cel mai important port al Suediei. Dei antierele navale au fostînchise în anii 1970, activitatea portuar a crescut continuu, actualmente portul devenind cel mai mare din Scandinavia.Göteborg este i un important centru industrial, uzinele

olvo, Svenska Kullagerfabriken AB (SKF)-productor derulmeni i productorul de produse farmaceutice Astra-p  eneca avându-i sediul i principalele sectoare de producieaici.La începutul anilor 1900 Göteborg a fost portul de emigraie pentru aproximativ un milion de persoane care ulteriors-au stabilit in Minnesotta i care au stat la baza comunitii suedeze din SUA.

   

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1. OPERA / 1994 / ARH.q 

AN I r  IKOWIT r  - When architects 

an Izikowitz was drawing the opera house he foundinspiration in the world of opera. But also in the splendid fairytale landscape surrounding Gothenburg harbour. Silhouettesof ships, hulls, wind-filled sails, bridges and harbour cranes can be seen in the architecture of the building. 2. MU t  EUL DE ARTA / 1923 / ARH. SIGFRID ERICSON -  is renowned for its collection of Nordic art from around the closeof the 19th century. A must see is the lavishly decorated Fürstenberg Gallery, named after a leading Gothenburg artdonor, Pontus Fürstenberg and his wife Göthilda. Among the artists showcased one can mention Carl Larsson, Anders

t orn, and P.S. Kröyer. The museum also houses older and contemporary art, both Nordic and international. The Museum

has been awarded three stars in the Michelin Guide (Green Guide Scandinavia). The museum building was created for theinternational exhibition in Gothenburg 1923 by architect Sigfrid Ericson, celebrating the city's 300th anniversary, and

represents the monumental Neo-Classical style in Nordic architecture. It is built of a yellow brick called ´Gothenburgbrick´ because of the materials frequent use in the city. The museums forms the imposing end of the main street of thecity, Kungsportsavenyn. 

  3. UNI

ERSITATEA DIN GOTEBORG / 1891 / - The University of Gothenburg is the third-oldest Swedish university, andwith 24,900 full-time students[4] it is also among the largest universities in the Nordic countries. With its eight facultiesand 57 departments, the University of Gothenburg is also one of the most wide-ranging and versatile universities inSweden. Its eight faculties offer training in the Creative Arts, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Humanities, Education,Information Technology, Business, Economics and Law, and Health Sciences. It describes itself as "a major university inEurope".[5] In the 2009 Times ranking, the university is placed 185th[6] in the world. In the 2008 ARWU ranking,Gothenburg University is ranked in the 201-302 range[7] when compared to the top 500 universities in theworld.Gothenburg University has the highest number of applicants per study place in many of its subjects and courses[8],and is therefore one of the most popular universities in Sweden.The University of Gothenburg was founded as Göteborgshögskola (Gothenburg College) in 1891. In 1907 it was granted the same status as Uppsala University and LundUniversity by the Swedish government. Over the course of time, it has merged with a number of previously independentacademic institutions in the city. It was granted the rights of a full university by the Swedish government in 1954,following the merger of the Göteborgs högskola with the Medicinhögskolan i Göteborg (Gothenburg Medical School), thusbecoming Sweden's third-oldest university.In 1971, the originally separate Gothenburg School of Economics and

Commercial Law became part of the University of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska University Hospital is associated with theuniversity as a teaching hospital.In the 1990s the School of Economics and the Academy of Music, Drama and Opera havemoved to new buildings in the city centre. A new campus for the Faculty of Education (teacher training) was opened incentral Gothenburg in 2006. The University of Gothenburg is a pronounced city university, that is most of its facilities arewithin the city centre of Gothenburg. The main building as well as most faculties are located in the central part of Gothenburg. 4. FACULTATEA DE DREPT SI ECONOMIE    

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  5. HALA DE PESTE / 1840  - Feskekorka, a fish market in Goteborg, is a building steeped in history. Since it resembles aGothic church, the old fish market has garnered the name Feskekorka, which translates to ³fish church´ in English andworship these sea creatures they do. Since it was built in 1840, the building has gained popularity among tourists whovisit West Sweden as it serves as a thriving seafood market and an accompanying restaurant inside as well- not only isthe grub delicious but the building is absolutely picturesque. The bold design of the building is a reflection of thearchitect¶s inspiration by the Norwegian wooden stave and Gothic stone churches. In addition to fish and seafood, a hugevariety of local produce is sold daily at the Feskekorka, this is a must see destination for anyone in Gothenburg. 6. MU v  EUL DE CULTURA AL LUMII / - The Museum of World Culture, designed by Brisac Gonzalez Architects. This modernbuilding is located on a slope that leads up to the Liseberg Amusement Park. It features a 4 storey glass atrium thatoffers views of the mountains and woods. The upper storeys hang freely five meters above a footpath, and a 43 meterglass section allows onlookers to view into the museum¶s largest exhibition hall. 7. SEDIUL SKANKSA / ARH. RALPH ERSKINE - Skanksaskrapan, or ³The Lipstick,´ which was designed by Ralph Erskine as

the headquarters for the Skanska Corporation.     Ziua 3. JONKOPING - STOCKHOLM ( 320 km ) Mic dejun. Plecare spre Stockholm, capitala Suediei. Sosire in jurul pranzului.

om descoperi acest oras fermecator, situat pe celepaisprezece insulite care, impreuna cu alte cateva mii, formeaza Arhipeleagul Stockholm. Stockholm a fost numit si `

enetiaNordului` datorita numeroaselor canale care brazdeaza orasul.

izitam Muzeulw 

asa, Catedrala, Palatul Regal, Parlamentul, Orasulvechi ( Gamla Stan ). Cazare Stockholm.  

 Jönköping, Suedia 

Is a city in Småland in southern Sweden with 84,420 inhabitants in 2005.[1] It is the 9th most populous city of Sweden.The city is the seat of 

önköping Municipality which has a population of 122,194 (2006), and also the seat of x 

önköpingCounty which has a population of 331,539 (2006).

önköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as well asthe Swedish National Courts Administration. It is also the seat of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.Geographically the town is situated by the southern end of Sweden's second largest lake,

ättern. The original townx 

önköping has grown together with Huskvarna and Norrahammar forming a contiguous urban area, since 1971 wholly inthe same municipality. Jönköping is an old trading center (Köping), since it was located on a crossroad for the roadsfollowing along the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the road between the provinces Östergötland and

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ästergötland. Thiswas rather natural due to the geographical position of the city at the southern end of lake

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ättern, which divided the twocounties. On 18 May 1284, Jönköping received rights as a City in Sweden as one of the first communities in the country,by King Magnus Ladulås, who at that time largely ruled the nation from

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ättern's largest island� 

isingsö. In the name of the city "Jön-" is derived from a creek, "Junebäcken", which was situated in the nowadays western part of the city,Talavid. This was the location of the first known settlement in the area. The second part of the name "-köping", asmentioned above, is an old word for a trading center or market place. However, the geographical position of the city alsoleft it vulnerable to foreign attacks, mainly from the Danes, coming from the south with the river roads; at that time, theprovinces of what is today southern Sweden ² Scania, Halland and Blekinge ² belonged to Denmark. Consequently, thecity was plundered and burned several times, until a fortification was built in the 16th and 17th century. The Sofia churchin Jönköping, Neo-Gothic style, 1888. Jönköping is known for its matchstick industry 1845-1970. Still today it is animportant Swedish logistical center, with many companies' central warehouses situated there (like IKEA, Electrolux andHusqvarna). Orasul in care s-a nascut Agneta Faltskog, membra a trupei ABBA (blonda)

 

 

 

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1/2. SMALAND,S MUSIC AND THEATER  / 2009 / ARH. WINGARDH AB 

 Småland¶s Music and Theater is an answer to one thousand questions. Twisted as a spiral to catch the attention of the eyeas well as the body; transparent, to turn every side into a front.; compact, to be efficient and sparse; meandering, tomake the foyer an adventure; mystic, to create expectation.

A theater is a creation made to move you. As you sit in your chair, the world around begins to change. The performance,may it be dance, theater or music, wakens the imagination. Time and space are no longer the same in body and mind. Nobuilding is capable of doing this of its own. But architecture may support the journey that the artists create. A public fill edwith a certain excitement already when entering the building, has already joined the ride.The merriment of architecture is seldom as outspoken as in the buildings for performing arts. The building shall preparethe spectator for the event, tune the spirit and create expectation. These are the main purposes of the foyer. The saloonis rather the opposite. Once the curtain is raised, the space shall disappear in order to promote the intimacy which is theaspiration for almost every director. These are the ambitions behind this venue.Småland¶s Music and Theater in the city of Jönköping is a regional scene for music and theater in the southern part of Sweden. It is a culturally vivid part of the country, but the performing arts have not had a permanent stage so far. Ourproposal is a result of a winning competition from 2005. The construction works for the new theater are now progressing,and the house will be inaugurated in year 2011.The building shares the ambition of bringing the visitor in the mood with most theaters. It is tall, expressive and controlsthe surroundings by the shore of lake Munksjön. The communicative approach is enhanced by the semitransparentfaçade, on which current programs can be displayed. The bright and curved walls gives the building an ephemeralcharacter that relates to the arts that are being performed inside.The building is designed for rather small audiences, but in many different spaces. The concert hall seats 830, and a

smaller theater is designed for 420 people. There is also a multistage and a café stage. All stages are on the same level,providing maximal accessibility for wheelchairs as well as transportations backstage. The characters vary from a deepgreen serenity of the largest saloon that resembles the mystical forests of local painterJohn Bauer (1882-1918), to theacoustical flexible structure of the multistage.The narrow but long foyer is a fluid space, all covered in pine, the local wood. It follows the curved line of the building a ndprovides shifting views over the lake outside. The space ends with the café stage. In wintertime the warmth of the interiorwill make the building glow. In summertime, the foyer opens up to the terraces outside. 3.

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ILA SCOTT / 2010 / ARH. FRANSON WRELAND 4. UNI

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ERSITATEA / 2000 / ARH. ERSEUS, FRENNING �  SJOGREN - Glazed-in meetings between peopleIt is the transparent qualiti es of the glazing that bring to the meeting the essential light, energy, inspiration and sense of repose at the Jönköping University. The main staircase forms a primary meeting place and the nave of the building andoccupies a central position inside the towering hall. Here, the students, who use the stairs several times daily, find anatural meeting place for learning, conversation and creativity. "We chose Skandinaviska Glassystem and SG 2000because we have had excellent experience with them in earlier projects," explains Tove Andree, the project's supervising

architect at Erseus, Frenning� 

Sjögren Arkitekter AB. "Both over engineering support and supplying the products. TheirSG 2000 glass system is sophisticated and elegant. In the Jönköping project it provided the perfectly frameless andslender look we wanted for the architectonic impact." Total glass work covers approx. 3000 sq.m. divided up into 25sections distributed around the building. The design of the horizontal glass format has been achieved by fitting SG Link onhorizontal steel beams which stretch 4.125 mm between the pillars. The steel beams are suspended in vertical tie-rods of 11.1 mm in diameter. 

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 5. MU �  EUL ORASULUI 6. PRIMARIA 

   Ziua 4. STOCKHOLM - KARLSTADT ( 295 km ) Mic dejun. Dimineata vizitam Primaria cu faimosul Salon Auriu, unde anual se tine banchetul consacrat decernarii Premiului Nobel.Continuam, optional, cu vizitarea Castelului Drottingholms ( resedinta familiei regale ). Plecare spre vestul Suediei, straba tandpeisaje minunate cu paduri de foioase, reni, elani si lacuri sclipitoare. Popas la Orebro pentru vizitarea Castelului medieva l(exterior), dupa care drumul continua spre Karlstad, pe malul Nordic al lacului

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anern, cel mai mare lac din Suedia. CazareKarlstad.   Stockholm, capitala Suediei Stockholmul este capitala i cel mai mare ora din Suedia. Oraul este totodat reedina regiunii administrativeStockholms län. Stockholmul avea în anul 2009 o populaie de 829.417 locuitori (2.019.182 în zona metropolitan).Fiind capitala Suediei, Stockholm este sediul Guvernului i al Parlamentului. Este de asemenea oraul de reedin alefului statului, Regele Carol al X

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I-lea Gustaf. Prima atestare documentar a oraului dateaz din 1252, când era opia important în comerul cu fier din minele de la Bergslagen. Se spune c oraul a fost fondat de BirgerJarl, cuscopul de a proteja Suedia de invazia maritim a forelor strine i pentru a împiedica jefuirea unor ceti ca Sigtunape lacul Mälaren. Cimitirul Skogskyrkogården din Stockholm a fost înscris în anul 1994 pe lista patrimoniului culturalmondial UNESCO. Oraul este deservit de aeroportul Stockholm-Arlanda, situat între Stockholm i Uppsala.

  

1.  GLOBE ARENA / 19892. KTH School of Architecture by Tham �   

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idegård Hansson Architects 2007 - On a narrow site in the most central cornerof the campus, the New School of Architecture will be built: A rounded glass and deep red Corten steel building; six floorsincluding a sunken garden and a roof terrace. Following the logic of the free campus layout that encourages movement,this project wants to offer new ways and places rather than filling out the block. With its rounded contour the schoolbuilding maintains the character of the court yard as a continuous space. At street level a double height space, the atelier

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and exhibition area, will constitute the central axis straight through the building. The exterior relates to the existingbuildings of dark red brick at the KTH Campus. Construction is in-situ cast concrete with load bearing parts visible asfreely placed fields in the facade.Main entrance on Osquars Backe leading to ateliers, workshops and exhibition area.Teaching rooms and offices are on the three upper floors. Each of the upper floors have flexible open atelier spaces alongthe perimeter of the building, while a core contains communal areas and meeting rooms. The new School of Architecturein its context. Facades are glass and deep red corten steel connecting to the existing buildings of dark red brick at theKTH Campus. Construction is in-situ cast concrete with load bearing parts visible as freely placed fields in the facade. 3. CASA ALTA /ARH. JOHANNES NORLANDER - the minimalist small house designed by Swedish architect and industrialdesigner Johannes Norlander. This home¶s modern aesthetic offsets its gorgeous natural surroundings, located in inStockholm, Sweden. The house Alta at just 4.6m wide and 6m high, and encompassing just 160m2 on two floors ± strictbuilding regulations which have influenced this space-efficient design. Includes a kitchen and living area on the mainfloor, while the bedrooms and a library enjoy the privacy of the second floor.

  

    4. KFEM STORE / ARH. WINGARDH 5. LIBRARIA - Stockholm Public Library (Swedish: Stockholms stadsbibliotek or Stadsbiblioteket) is a rotunda l ibrarybuilding in Stockholm, Sweden, designed by Swedish architect Gunnar Asplund. The library was prepared from 1918 andonwards by a committee in which Asplund himself took part. Construction began in 1924, and the library was completedin 1928. It is one of the most notable buildings in Stockholm and one of Asplund's most important works. In fact it wasSweden's first public library to apply the principle of open shelves. The visitor could from now on choose books withoutneed to ask the library staff for assistance, a concept Asplund studied in the United States during the construction of thelibrary. There was a group of young architects and artists around Asplund who collaborated on the building project. All thefurnishings in all the rooms were commissioned for their specific positions and purposes. The parkland with its large pond,south of the library was also designed by Asplund and completed in 1931. The library was completed in 1932 with a westwing which completed the square form of the building. The name Stockholm Public Library is today used for both themain library itself as well as the municipal library system of the City of Stockholm. It includes more than 2 millionvolumes and 2.4 million audio tapes, CDs and audio books. The "international library" is the section for foreign languages,housed in two floors of an annex behind the main building, close to Odenplan. Its holdings comprise more than 100languages with 17,000 volumes in Persian, 15,800 in Arabic, and 14,500 in Spanish. In 2007 the most borrowedlanguages were Russian (19,300 loans), Thai, Spanish, Persian, Chinese, Arabic, Polish and Japanese.[1] For some of these languages, Stockholm serves public libraries in the rest of Sweden through interlibrary loans. The design of ArnosGrove tube station in North London is said to be based on the Stockholm Public Library.

The capital of Sweden has a reputation as a cosmopolitan, progressive and prosperous city, where although the price of adrink and decent meal may set you back relative to home (unless home is Tokyo or Geneva), you won¶t necessarily resentthe sting.Why? Well, the urban heart and face of Sweden is a fabulous city, to be quite honest. One of the most populardestinations in Scandinavia, Stockholm has a wonderful cityscape, a dynamic arts and culture scene and myriad parksand recreation space to explore. At least ten must-see attractions as well.

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6. Stockholm Palace - The Royal Palace of Stockholm provides the global city with a crown jewel landmark. The locationis prime, on Stadsholmen (city island), in the heart of Gamla Stan (the old town). Built from 1697 to 1760, the impressivemain facade is one of the most familiar symbols in Sweden. Incredibly, the home of the Swedish royal family has morethan 600 rooms.

7. Stockholm City Hall - A brilliant and singular city hall by all accounts, Stockholm City Hall is a popular touristattraction for several reasons. For one, the architecture, a beautiful example of Nordic National Romantic style, isremarkable. Second, the location on Lake Malaren¶s Kungsholmen island is idyllic. Last but not least, the Nobel Prizebanquet takes place here every year.

8. Vasa Museum - Nordic Europe is the ideal place to visit a maritime museum and Stockholm may have the best one inthe entire region. The

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asa Museum is the most popular museum in all of Scandinavia and features some extraordinary

sea vessels from the past.

9. Storkyrkan - Stockholm¶s Great Church, or Storkyrkan, is a perfect example of the city¶s and indeed Sweden¶s uniquearchitectural legacy. Built in Brick Gothic style, the Gamla Stan 13th century landmark sits next to the Royal Palace, amidsome of the best points of interest in Stockholm.

10. Swedish Museum of Natural History - With a collection that dates back to the early 18th century, the SwedishMuseum of Natural History is a national treasure. Together with a Gothenburg equivalent, the Stockholm facility is averitable history lesson on Sweden and Nordic Europe and features a planetarium and IMAX cinema.

11. Nordiska Museet - With explicit focus on the sociology and ethnography of Sweden, the Nordic Museum is wherevisitors go to complete their formal education on the vast cu ltural landscape of the country. On the central island of 

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Djurgarden, the magnificent museum is well worth a few hours of your time.

12. Skogskyrkogarden - One of the most unique UNESCO World Heritage sites in the world, let alone Sweden, theSkogskyrkogarden is as much a treasure trove of architecture and native design that blends seamlessly with the naturalenvironment as it is a cemetery.

13. Riddarholmen Church - One of the most senior landmarks in Sweden, the Riddarholmen Church is close to theRoyal Palace on the Stockholm island of the same name. With roots in the 13th century, the Riddarholmen¶s unmistakablegrand cast iron spire was built much later, in the 19th century.

14. Stockholm Archipelago - Many visitors to Sweden¶s capital have no idea that in effect, Stockholm is part of a greatarchipelago that extends some sixty kilometers out into the Baltic Sea. As such, a plethora of beauty and tidy island

hamlets unfurl beyond the chic urban confines of the city. Take a day trip then and book a cruise, private boat or taxiboat and get out of central Stockholm in the summer months.

15. Drottningholm Palace - The opulent and immense private residence of the Swedish monarchy is a beautiful palaceon the island of Lovon on the periphery of Stockholm proper. Built in the 16th century, Drottningholm Palace is actuallyone of several private homes of the royal family but perhaps the most popular with visitors. The grand estate and gardenscombine to form a notable UNESCO Worl The city¶s oldest section is ³Gamla Stan´ (Old Town), located on the originalsmall islands of the city¶s earliest settlements and still featuring the medieval street layout. Some notable buildings of Gamla Stan are the large German Church (Tyska kyrkan) and several mansions and palaces: the Riddarhuset (the Houseof Nobility), the Bonde Palace, the Tessin Palace and the Oxenstierna Palace. The oldest building in Stockholm is theRiddarholmskyrkan from the late 13th century. After a fire in 1697 when the original medieval castle was destroyed,Stockholm Palace was erected in a baroque style. Storkyrkan Cathedral, the episcopal seat of the Bishop of Stockholm,stands next to the castle. It was founded in the 13th century but is clad in a baroque exterior dating to the 18th century.As early as the 15th century, the city had expanded outside of its original borders. Some pre-industrial, small-scalebuildings from this era can still be found in Södermalm. During the 19th century and the age of industrializationStockholm grew rapidly, with plans and architecture inspired by the large cities of the continent such as Berlin and

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ienna. Notable works of this time period include public buildings such as the Royal Swedish Opera and privatedevelopments such as the luxury housing developments on Strandvägen.            In the 20th century, a nationaspurred a new architectural style inspired by medieval and renaissance ancestry as well as influences of theJugend/ArtNouveau style. A key landmark of Stockholm, the Stockholm City Hall, was erected 1911±1923 by architect RagnarÖstberg. Other notable works of these times are the Stockholm Public Library and the Forest Cemetery,Skogskyrkogården. In the 1930s modernism characterized the development of the city as it grew. New residential areassprang up such as the development on Gärdet while industrial development added to the growth, such as the KFmanufacturing industries on Kvarnholmen located in the Nacka Municipality. In the 1950s, suburban development entereda new phase with the introduction of the Stockholm metro. The modernist developments of 

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ällingby and Farsta wereinternationally praised. In the 1960s this suburban development continued but with the aesthetic of the times, theindustrialised and mass-produced blocks of flats received a large amount of criticism. At the same time that this suburbandevelopment was taking place, the most central areas of the inner city were being redesigned, known asNorrmalmsregleringen. Sergels Torg, with its five high-rise office towers was created in the 1960s, followed by the totalclearance of large areas to make room for new development projects. The most notable buildings from this period is theensemble of the House of Culture, City Theatre and National Bank at Sergels Torg, designed by architect Peter Celsing.In the 1980s the planning ideas of modernism were starting to be questioned, resulting in suburbs with a denserplanning, such as Skarpnäck. In the 1990s this idea was taken further with the development of and old industrial area

close to the inner city, resulting in a sort of mix of modernisti c and urban planning in the new area of Hammarby Sjöstad.The municipality has appointed an official ³board of beauty´ called ³Skönhetsrådet´ to protect and preserve the beauty of the city. One of the most unusual pieces of ³architecture´ in Stockholm is the Jumbohostel, housed in a converted Boeing747 located at Stockholm-Arlanda Airport.

Karlstad, Suedia Orasul e construit pe insule si ostroave care alcatuiesc delta pe pe tarmul nordic al celui mai mare lac din Suedia,

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änern.Karlstad detine cel de-al doilea port la un lac din tara - dupa orasul

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ästers (acesta e portul lacului Mälaren).Karlstad a fost incendiat de patru ori. Dupa ultimul foc din iulie 1865, au ramas doar biserica si cateva case. Ulterior afost reconstruit urmand un tipar ce prevedea strazi largi inconjurate de copaci.Principalele atractii sunt destinate numarului mare de locuri de scaldat in aer liber (atat in lacul

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änern, cat si in altelacuri din municipiul Karlstad), pescuitul si sporturile de apa, Bomstad (aceasta e o plaja nisipoasa de 1 km ce beneficiazasi de loc de camping), Skutberget (aceasta e o frumoasa plaja stancoasa), Restaurantul Källaren Munken (KällarenMunken e sectiunea restaurantului plina de istorie, servind cele mai bune mancaruri din bucataria suedeza, iar in final

Stekhuset e sectiunea relaxanta a restaurantului, oferind snack-uri si tacos).

  1. PRIMARIA / 2. LOFBERG LILA ARENA (ARENA DE HOCHEI) / 3. HOTEL CENTRAL / 4. PODUL MONUMENT ISTORIC

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PESTE KLARA� 

LEN / 5. CATEDRALA  Örebro, Suedia Örebro received its Royal Charter and city privileges not later than 1404. Örebro literally means a bridge over gravelbanks, which is how the geography looks, with the stream Svartån draining into the lake Hjälmaren. The location becamea natural seat of commerce in the (Scandinavian) medieval time, and is mentioned in print in the 13th century. Oldbuildings from the early days include the foundations of the city church, a building which has undergone severalmodifications. The natural center of the city is otherwise the magnificent Örebro Castle, situated on an islet in theSvartån, and dividing the town into a northern and a southern part. This castle was constructed during the stewardship of Birger Jarl during the early 13th century and then modified and enlarged during the reign of King Gustav

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asa in the1560s. Notable events in Örebro's history include the national diet meeting at Örebro in 1810, whereJean-Baptiste

Bernadotte was elected crown prince of Sweden. Although a trade town, Örebro remained small until the second half of the 19th century, when it grew rapidly as a center of the national shoe manufacturing industry (see: History of Närke).Örebro's old town Wadköping is located on the banks of Svartån (black stream). It contains many 18th and 19th centurywooden houses, along with museums and exhibitions. The water tower of Örebro, named Svampen (The Mushroom), is apopular destination as an outlook tower. In 1958, a replica of the tower was built in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. ÖrebroUniversity is one of Sweden's most recent, being upgraded from högskola (university college) in 1999. It currently hasaround 14,070 students and a staff of 1,100. Gustavsvik, the largest water park in the Nordic countries, is located just akilometer south of central Örebro. With more than 700,000 visitors per year, it is one of the most popular tourist andleisure establishments in Sweden. Only Liseberg, Gröna Lund and Skansen are more popular. In the summer the manorof Karlslund is a very popular place to visit.

 1. TURN DE APA TRANSFORMAT IN RESTAURANT2. UNI

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ERSITATEA3. CATEDRALA OLAUS PETRI4. CASTELUL OREBRO5. NERIKES ALLEHANDA ± SEDIUL �  IARULUI LOCAL Ziua 5. LILLEHAMER - DOMBAS ( 460 km ) Dupa micul dejun, pornim catre Tara Fiordurilor, Norvegia. Popas la Lillehammer (gazda jocurilor olimpice de iarna din 1994).Drumul continua pe

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alea Gudbrandsdal pana la Dombas, situat la aprox. 180 km de Trondheim si 600 km de cercul arctic. Nevom bucura de mirajul unei nopti albe de vara, cand soarele apune dupa miezul noptii. Cazare. Lillehammer, Norvegia  Lillehammer is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 WinterOlympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of 2009, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 20,097.[2] The city centre is a late 19th centuryconcentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and theriver Lågen, surrounded by mountains.

 

 1. HALA HAKONA / 2.

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IKINGSKIPET / 3/4. MU�  EUL DE ARTA / 5. TRAMBULINA DE SKI / 6. AURORA BOREALA / 7.CATEDRALA ORASULUI.

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Gudbrandsdalen is a valley and traditional district in the Norwegian county of Oppland. The valley is oriented in a north-westerly direction from Lillehammer at Lake Mjøsa, extending 230 km toward Romsdal. The large riverGudbrandsdalslågen flows through the valley, starting from Lesjaskogsvatnet and ending in Lake Mjøsa. The long valley isdivided into three parts: Norddalen (the municipalities of Lesja, Dovre, Skjåk, Lom,

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ågå and Sel), Midtdalen (themunicipalities of Nord-Fron, Sør-Fron and Ringebu), and Sørdalen (the municipalities of Øyer, Gausdal and Lillehammer).

Dombas, Norvegia  The village of Dombås (help·info) lies in the Dovre municipality and serves as an administrative center in the upperGudbrandsdal, Norway. It lies at an important junction of roads: south leading to the current capital of Norway, Oslo,west via Lesja leading to Åndalsnes on the sea and north to the old capital, Trondheim.

 1. BISERICA / 1936 -  Dombås Church was built in 1936. It is a cross-church, where stone (sparagmitt) from theJøndalin Dovre is used. The church has a monumental altarpiece, where paintings of biblical stories is placed in Norwegiannature.The altarpiece is made in wood, from a drawing by Magnus Poulsson. The ten images of the life of Christ is paintedon wooden wallboards and later attached to the altarpiece itself. "The believing Christ" is painted with backgrounds fromthe local nature. 

  Ziua 6. RUTA DE AUR & GEIRANGER (355 km ) Mic dejun. Traversam Muntii Dovrefjel pentru a ajunge la Andalsnes. De aici se deschide peisajul dramatic al muntilor Romsdal ,strabatuti de `Drumul Trolilor`, ruta spectaculoasa, care traverseaza versantii de la nord la sud, oferind privelisti magnifice.Odata ajunsi in varf ( daca exista conditii de parcare ), oprire la platforma de belvedere pentru o perspectiva de exceptie a supradrumului serpuitor si a cascadei. Dupa traversarea cu ferry-boat-ul la Eidsdal, spre Geiranger, pe ultimii 6 km, i ntram pe faimosul`Drum al

 

ulturilor`. Traseul, numit si `Ruta de Aur`, ofera panorame unice. De la Geiranger ne imbarcam intr -o minunatacroaziera pe spectaculosul Geirangerfjord, cu versanti abrupti, impresionante caderi de apa, precum cascadele `

 

oalul Miresei` si`Cele sapte Surori`. Debarcam la Hellesylt si continuam traseul pe marginea fiordurilor si a lacurilor glaciare. Posibilitate a vizitarii(pe jos) a ghetarului Briksdal, parte din cel mai mare ghetar din Europa. Seara cazare la Leikanger - Forde.   

1.MUNTII DO 

RFJEL / 2. ANDALSNES / 3. ROMSDAL / 4. EIDSDAL / 5. GEIRANGER / 6. HELLE / 7.GHETARUL BRIKSDAL /8. LEIKANGER FORDE 

 

 

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  Ziua 7. SOGNEFJORD & BERGEN ( 270 km ) Mic dejun. Aproximativ ora 10.30 imbarcare pe vaporas de la Flam pentru cea de-a doua croaziera, de data aceasta peSognefjord, cel mai mare si mai adanc din lume. Debarcare si intalnire cu autocarul la Gudvangen si continuarea drumului spre

 

oss intr-o ascensiune captivanta de-a lungul canionului Stalheim. Oprire la Stalheim Hotel, cel mai bun punct de belvedereasupra canionului. Sosim la Bergen, "poarta catre fiorduri". Urcare, optional, cu funicularul pe muntele Floien pentru o minu natapanorama asupra orasului si a fiordurilor. Cazare la Bergen.  1. FLAM / 2. SOGNEFJORD / 3. GUD

 

ANGEN / 4. 

OSS / 5. CANIONUL STALHEIM. 

 

   

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 Bergen, Norvegia   

 

Bergen is the second largest city in Norway with a population of 259,600 as of August 11, 2010.[2] Bergen is theadministrative centre of Hordaland county. Greater Bergen or Bergen Metropolitan Area as defined by Statistics Norway,has a population of 381,300 as of August 11, 2010.[3] Bergen is located in the county of Hordaland on the south-westerncoast of Norway. It is an important cultural hub in its region, recognized as the unofficial capital of Western Norway andsometimes also referred to as the Atlantic coast capital of Norway. The city was one of nine European cities honoured withthe title of European Capital of Culture in the Millennium year.[4] 

1. PERSPECTI 

A BERGEN / 2.PRMARIA / 3. CATEDRALA / 4. CASTELUL MEDIE 

AL / 5. PANORAMA / 6. GRIEG HALL / 7.GEOG JOHANNESENS PLASS / 8. GARA / 9. BISERICA BAPTISTA / 10. FARUL   

 

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  Ziua 8. HARDANGERFJORD - GEIL - OSLO ( 495 km) Mic dejun.

 

izitarea orasului: Piata de flori si Peste, Biserica Sf. Maria, vechiul port. Continuam itinerariul spre Oslo, de -a lungulfiordului Hardanger, traversand cu ferry-boat-ul spre Brimmes. Drumul pana la Geil ofera un spectacol in sine: canionul Mabodal,cascada

 

oringsfoss (cu o cadere verticala de 180 m). Popas la Geil (celebra statiune de iarna). Sosire in cursul serii la Oslo.

Cazare.  Hardangerfjord , Norvegia With a length of 179 km (111 miles), the Hardangerfjord in the county of Hordaland in Norway is the third largest fjord inthe world and the second largest in Norway. The surrounding district is called Hardanger. The Hardangerfjord starts at theAtlantic Ocean just south of Bergen (SW Norway). Here the fjord penetrates in a north easterly direction until it meets thegrand mountain plateau of Hardangervidda. The longest branch of the Hardangerfjord is Sørfjorden which cuts southabout 50 km from the main fjord. Its maximum depth is more than 800 m (2,624 ft) just outside Norheimsund in themiddle of the fjord. About 10,000 years ago the Scandinavian land mass started to rise up as enormous glacial ice startedto melt. The lower parts of the valleys became flooded, and so created what we today know as the Hardangerfjord. Thevalley was originally not only made through glacial erosion but by the high pressure melting water which pushed its waybeneath the ice. On the Folgefonn peninsula which belongs to the Hardangerfjord, the third largest glacier in Norway isfound. With its three parts, the Folgefonn glacier covers an area of 220 kmj  (85 sq mi), and is an area which in 2005became protected as a national park. Hardangerfjord is the third biggest fjord in the whole world, but only the secondbiggest in the whole of norway. The history of the fjord goes far beyond its

iking history, back to the time of hunters on

the surrounding mountains, and later on, farming along this fertile area which today is considered the fruit orchard of Norway. Later the fjord became the birthplace for a large tourism influx to Norway, and in 1875 Thomas Cook startedweekly cruise departures from London to the Hardangerfjord, due to its spectacular nature, glaciers and grand waterfalls.Soon after this many of the major waterfalls became the power source for large industries in fjord settlements such asOdda. Today the Hardangerfjord is witness to a renaissance in tourism and new infrastructure for travellers has onceagain become an industry for the local communities along the fjord. The fjord has good conditions for fish farming. Fishfarms yearly produce more than 40.000 tons of salmon and rainbow trout (2002) and makes the Hardangerfjord one of four major fish farming regions in the world. The contemporary fjord is divided among the 13 municipalities Bømlo,Eidfjord, Etne, Granvin, Jondal, Kvam, Kvinnherad, Odda, Sund, Sveio, Tysnes, Ullensvang and Ulvik. The total number of inhabitants for all these municipalities is only a bit more than 70 thousand - on a total area of 8,471 kmj  .

1. BISERICA / 2. HOTEL / 3. PERSPECTIk 

A

   Ziua 9. OSLO - COPENHAGA ( 550 km ) 

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Dupa servirea micului dejun, tur de oras Oslo: Parcul Sculpturilorl 

igeland, Palatul Regal, Catedrala, Parlamentul, Primaria, (aic iare loc ceremonia decernarii Premiului Nobel pentru Pace). Plecare spre Copenhaga. Traversarea cu ferry-boat-ul de la Helsinborgla Helsingor, in Danemarca. De pe vapor, in apropierea tarmului, se poate admira silueta sobra a castelului Kronberg, unde s -aderulat tragedia lui Hamlet. Scurta vizita la debarcare ( exterior ). Cazare Copenhaga.   Oslo , Norvegia Oslo - orasul Premiului Nobel pentru Pace, a fost fondat in anul 1000 si a aniversat un mileniu in anul 2000. Orasul este lafel de nordic precum St. Petersburg, Anchorage in Alaska si Kap Farvel in Groenlanda. Desi este atat de nordic, are oclima temperata toamna si calda vara. Iernile dureaza de la trei pana la cinci luni, cu conditii foarte bune pentru schiat pedealurile din jurul orasului.Este nevoie de cel putin trei zile pentru a explora orasul, care are mai multe parcuri, biserici, muzee si locuri frumoase.Se pot face plimbari pe strada principala (Karl Johans Gate) spre Palatul Regal si Muzeul Edvard Munch. La GaleriileNationala se pot admira capodoperele mai multor artisti Norvegieni. Alte atractii din Oslo includ Muzeul

igeland dinParcul Frogner, Muzeul Ambarcatiunilor

ichinge, ce contine o ambarcatiune veritabila in marime naturala din epocamedievala si Muzeul Folcloric in Spatiu Deschis, cu numeroase cladiri vechi de secole d e pe tot teritoriul Norvegiei.Tøyen, Grunerløkka si Gamle-Oslo sunt de asemenea locuri bune de vizitat. Aici te poti relaxa intr-o cafenea, poti incercagheata italiana sau poti admira vechiul Oslo.In Oslo se afla putin mai mult de 10n  din populatia Norvegiei, adica500.000 de locuitori, iar aproximativ o treime dinpopulatia Norvegiei locuieste in zona Oslo Fjord.Numeroasele vase de croaziera ce viziteaza Oslo reprezinta obiective turistice.

 

 

Cldirea Operei din Oslo, proiect semnat tot de arhitecii de la Snohetta, la fel ca i în cazul Bibliotecii din

Alexandria, exemplificat în punctul B al acestui capitol, reprezint cel mai mare centru cultural din Norvegia. Conceptul

cldirii are la baz dou componente:o 

zidul val´ io 

covorul´. 

idul val este un zid înclinat de dimensiuni considerabile ceptrunde în ap, el reprezint linia separatoare dintre pmânt i ap, un prag atât simbolic cât i real, întrucât

peninsula Bjorvika la captul creia se afl cldirea i care face parte din oraul port reprezint locul istoric de întâlnire

dintre Norvegia i restul lumii. Covorul reprezint spaiul exterior, în strâns legtur cu peisajul urban i este compus

din suprafee orizontale i înclinate pe acoperiul cldirii. Monumentalitatea cldirii fiind realizat în acest caz nu de

linii verticale ci de linii orizontale bine structurate. Alte efecte vizuale urmrite în aceste exemple ar putea fi: calitatea

oglindirii obiectului pe suprafaa apei pe timp de zi dar mai ales pe timp de noapte, cînd oglindirea este mult mai vizibil,

mimarea formelor specifice mediul acvatic, crearea senzaiei de micare a obiectului pe suprafaa apei.

  

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  1. PARLAMENTUL NOR

 

EGIAN - Se afla pe strada principala, poarta Karl Johans, in centrul orasului si are tururi ghidategratuite.

2. MU   EUL AMBARCATIUNILOR 

INCHINGI - Pe langa doua barci vichinge de 900 de ani, muzeul contine si alte artefactevikinge si o incapere funerara cu schelete vechi.3. HOLMENKOLLEN - O trambulina de schi aflata in partea de vest a orasului. a fost deschis ain 1892, insa de atunci a fostreconstruita de mai multe ori. Puteti urca pana in varful trambulinei, de unde aveti o vedere panoramica. Aici exista si celmai vechi muzeu de schi din lume, deschis in 1923.4. PARCUL CU SCULPTURI

 

IGELAND - O mare zona verde aflata la 10 minute cu metroul din centrul orasului.Pe langafaptul ca este o zona de recreere minunata, parcul este decorat cu sute de sculpturi ale artistului norvegian Gustav

 

igeland. Atmosfera este relaxata si, daca cei mici au chef sa se catere pe statui, nimeni nu le va face observatie.5. PRIMARIA - Aceasta se afla pe malul apei si este deschisa publicului. Sala principala prezinta picturi muralespectaculoase, cu o tematica specific nordica. In incaperile de la etaj se afla si artefacte istorice. aici se prezinta in fi ecarean premiatul Nobel pentru pace.6. MU   EUL PREMIULUI NOBEL PENTRU PACE ±7. PALATUL REGAL / 1825-1849 / ARH. Hans Ditlev Franciscus Linstow- The Royal Palace (Norwegian: Slottet or formallyDet kongelige slott) in Oslo was built in the first half of the 19th century as the Norwegian residence of Norwegian andSwedish king Charles III (Carl Johan, Charles XI

 

of Sweden) and is used as the official residence of the presentNorwegian Monarch. The crown-prince couple resides at Skaugum in Asker Municipality outside Oslo, while the three

princesses of Norway live on estates in Oslo, Fredrikstad and Rio deJaneiro, Brazil. Until the completion of the Palace,members of the Bernadotte dynasty resided in Paleet, a magnificent town house in Christiania bequeathed to the State in1805 to be used as a royal residence. King Charles III of Norway never saw his Palace completed, but his successorsOscar I, Charles I

 

and Oscar II used it regularly during their stays in Christiania (now Oslo). They spent most of theirtime in their Swedish capital Stockholm, but tried to spend some months in Norway every year. Oscar II was a frequentvisitor, but preferred to use his seaside villa at Bygdøy during his summer holidays, while his   ueen Sophia mostly stayedat the country residence of Skinnarbøl near the Swedish border for the sake of her health. Oscar II was absent from hisPalace during 1905, the year of the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden, but his son, Crown PrinceGustaf, paid two short visits in his vain attempts to save the union. The Bernadotte dynasty resigned their Norwegianthrone in 1905 and was succeeded by the Danish prince Carl, who took the name of Haakon

 

II when he accepted hiselection as king of completely independent Norway. He was the first monarch to use the Palace as his permanentresidence. The palace was designed by the Danish-born architect Hans Ditlev Franciscus Linstow (1787-1851). Theproject was initiated in the Norwegian parliament in 1821, the foundation stone was laid down by the king in 1825, andthe building was completed in 1849, during the reign of Oscar I. During the reign and residence of King Olav

 

from 1957to 1991, the Royal Palace was not renovated and insufficiently kept up. When the current monarch, King Harald

 

, starteda comprehensive renovation project, it was criticized due to the amount of money needed to bring the Palace up to asatisfactory state. Since public tours began in 2002, the general public has been able to view and appreciate the

renovation and splendour that the palace now boasts.8. CATEDRALA DIN OSLO - Oslo Cathedral (Oslo domkirke), previously the Our Savior's Church (

 

år Frelsers kirke) is themain church for Oslo bishopric of the Church of Norway as well as parish church for downtown Oslo, Norway. TheNorwegian Royal Family and the Norwegian Government use the cathedral for public events. [1]

9. ATELIER OSLO // ARH. JONES NORSTED  

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  Ziua 10. COPENHAGA -BERLIN ( 580 km ) Mic dejun.

 

izitarea capitalei daneze, cea mai europeana dintre capitalele scandinave: Palatul Regal Rosenborg, PalatulChristiansborg (resedinta oficiala a Reginei Margareta), Fantana Geflor, vechiul Port Nyhavn, enigmatica Mica Sirena (celebrasculptura din bronz asezata pe o stanca de granit la malul marii). Plecare spre Germania strabatand insula Falster pentru a ajungela Rodby. Traversare cu ferry-boat-ul la Puttgarden, in Germania. Sosim in Berlin si cazare.  Copenhaga, Norvegia  OPERA / 2001-2004 / ARH. HENNING LARSEN 

  EXTINDERE BIBLIOTECA REGALA  / 1999 / ARH. SCHMIDT/HAMMER/LASSEN 

  BISERICA GRUNDT

 

IG,S / 1912 / ARH. PETER WILHELM KLINT 

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  BISERICA BAG

 

AERD / 1976 / ARH. JORN UT ON

 

  BIG JDS PLOT / 2005-2008 /ARH. BJARKE INGELS GROUP 

 

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  RADIO CONCERT HALL / 2009 / ARH. JEAN NOU

 

EL 

 

  ROSENBORG PALACE - Rosenborg Castle (Danish: Rosenborg Slot) is a renaissance castle located in the centre of Copenhagen, Denmark. The castle was originally built as a country summerhouse in 1606 and is an example of ChristianI

 

's many architectural projects. It was built in the Dutch Renaissance style, typical of Danish buildings during this period,and has been expanded several times, finally evolving into its present condition by the year 1624. Architects Bertel Langeand Hans van Steenwinckel the

ounger are associated with the structural planning of the castle.

CHRISTIANSBORG PALACE - Christiansborg Palace, on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, is the seat of the Folketing (the Danish parliament), the Danish Prime Minister's Office and the Danish Supreme Court. Also, severalparts of the palace are used by the monarchy, including the Royal Reception Rooms, the palace chapel and the royal

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stables. The palace is thus the house of Denmark's three supreme powers: the executive power, the legislative power,and the judicial power. It is the only building in the world which is the home of all a nation's three supreme powers.Christiansborg Palace is owned by the Danish state, and is run by the Palaces and Properties Agency. The present buildingis the last in a series of successive castles and palaces constructed in the same site since the erection of the first castle in1167. Since the early fifteenth century, the various buildings have served as the base of the central administration; until1794 as the principal residence of the Danish kings and after 1849 as the seat of parliament. The palace today bearswitness to three eras of Danish architecture, as the result of two serious fires. The first f ire occurred in 1794 and thesecond in 1884. The main part of the current palace, finished in 1928, is in the historicist Neo-baroque style. The chapeldates to 1826 and is in a neoclassical style. The showgrounds were built 1738-46, in a baroque style.

FANTANA GEFION - The Gefion Fountain (Danish: Gefionspringvandet) is a large fountain on the harbour front inCopenhagen, Denmark. It features a large-scale group of animal figures being driven by the legendary Norse goddess,Gefjun. It is located in Langelinie Park next to Kastellet and is the largest monument in Copenhagen and used as awishing well. PORTUL N

HA| 

N - Nyhavn is a colourful 17th century waterfront, canal and popular entertainment district inCopenhagen, Denmark. Stretching from Kongens Nytorv to the harbourfront just south of the Royal Playhouse, it is linedby brightly coloured 17th and early 18th century townhouses and numerous bars, cafés and restaurants. Serving as aheritage harbour, the canal is packed with old wooden ships.  

FALSTER ISLAND - Falster is an island in south-eastern Denmark with an area of 514 km}  (198 sq. miles) and 43,398inhabitants as of 1 January 2010.[1] Located in the Baltic sea, it is part of Region Sjælland (County of ~  ealand) and isadministered by Guldborgsund Municipality. Falster includes Denmark's southernmost point, Gedser Odde, near Gedser.[2] The largest town is Nykøbing Falster with over 40  of the island's inhabitants. Other towns include Stubbekøbing, NørreAlslev and Gedser. Falster is connected to the larger island of ~  ealand to the north by the Farø Bridges (Farøbroerne) onEuropean route E47 linking Copenhagen to Hamburg and the south. To the south-west, the E47 connects Falster to theisland of Lolland via a tunnel under the Guldborgsund strait. The Farø bridges join on the small island of Farø, and fromthere a further bridge gives access to the eastern neighbouring island of Møn. There are two other bridges connecting to

Lolland: the Guldborgsund Bridge at the northern end of the strait and the Frederick IX Bridge at Nykøbing Falster.

 Ziua 11. BERLIN ± BUCURESTI Mic dejun. Transfer matinal la aeroport, imbarcare si zbor spre tara ( ora 10.40 ). Sosire in Bucuresti Baneasa ora 13.45. 

   

 

 

 

 

    

 


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