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56233314-gramatica-engleza-exercitii

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Articolul Definitie: - reprezinta un determinant substantival care contribuie la realizarea intelesului unui substantiv intr-o propozitie. Tipuri de articole: Articolul Hotarat - THE Articolul Nehotarat - A / AN Articolul zero (forma implicita sau neexprimata) Articolul hotarat THE: Cand folosim articolul hotarat? Inaintea unui substantiv care a mai fost mentionat in textul respectiv: Exemplu: A man knocked at the door and a girl opened it. The man was her father. Inaintea substantivelor care sunt unice: Exemplu: the moon, the earth, the star, the sun, the air Inaintea numeralelor ordinale: Exemplu: the first, the second, the third, the twenty-first, the seventeenth In realizarea superlativului: Exemplu: the best year, the youngest girl, the most important, the fastest, the tallest Inaintea substantivelor care reprezinta nume de colectivitati si institutii: Exemplu: the army, the crowd, the government, the police, the parliament Inaintea unor nume proprii (nume de familie, muzee, teatre, ziare, hoteluri, etc): Exemplu: the Browns, the Johns, the National Theatre, the Marriott Grand Hotel, the New York Times, the Beatles Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de locuri geografice, munti, fluvii, oceane, mari etc: Exemplu: the Alps, the Atlantic, the Thames, the Danube, the Red Sea, the Sahara Articolul nehotarat A / AN Utilizam articolul nehotarat A: Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o consoana: Exemple: a girl, a boy, a teacher, a family, a classroom Utilizam articolul nehotarat AN: Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o vocala (a, e, i, o, u): Exemple: an elephant, an apple, an interview, an onion, an action Articolul nehotarat - exceptii: Folosim articolul nehotarat AN inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "h", doar atunci cand este vorba despre un "h mut". Exemple: an hour, an honour Folosim articolul nehotarat A inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "u" sau grupul de litere "eu", doar atunci cand acestea se pronunta ca "you" Exemple: a European, a university, a unit Cand folosim articolul nehotarat A/AN? Inaintea unui substantiv concret nedeterminat si numarabil: Exemple: A boy entered into the classroom. The reporter took an interview. Inaintea unui substantiv concret cu functia de nume predicativ: Exemplu: She is a teacher. Ronnie is an elephant. Articolul zero Nu folosim articol in urmatoarele situatii: Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume proprii la singular: Exemplu: Paul is going to the school.

Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de tari, orase si limba acestora: Exemple: France is a European country. You speak English fluently. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. In unele expresii invariabile: Exemplu: by car, at school, in church, by train Inaintea substantivelor abstracte, care indica nume de culori, stiinte, arte, materii etc: Exemplu: beauty, health, dinner, lunch, breakfast, truth, green, gold, silver, mathematics, physics Exercitii 1. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: ___ woman ___ unit ___ United States of America ___ Johnsons ___ elephant ___ beauty ___ hour ___ Thames 2. Completati propozitiile din textul de mai jos cu a/an: a) ___ old woman laughed at him. b) ___ cat and ___ dog were in the kitchen. c) I saw ___ elephant at the zoo. d) It was ___ excellent movie. e) She watched ___ TV show 3. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: Daniel is ___ teacher. He likes ___ Physics very much. He teaches at ___ Theoretical Highschool from ___ Bucharest. ___pupils like him very much. One day, he decided to take ___ children to see ___ laboratory from another highschool. There, they made ___ experiment. All ___ children considered ___ experiment ___ most interesting they have ever made. Lectia 1: Articolul - raspunsuri 1. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: a woman an unit The United States of America The Johnsons an elephant a beauty an hour The Thames 2. Completati propozitiile din textul de mai jos cu a/an: a) An old woman laughed at him. b) A cat and a dog were in the kitchen. c) I saw an elephant at the zoo. d) It was an excellent movie. e) She watched a TV show

3. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: Daniel is a teacher. He likes the Physics very much. He teaches at a Theoretical Highschool from the Bucharest. The pupils like him very much. One day, he decided to take the children to see a laboratory from another highschool. There, they made an experiment. All the children considered the experiment the most interesting they have ever made. Numeralul Numeralul cardinal1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 one two three four five six seven eight nine ten 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 1000 thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred two hundred one thousand

153 one hundred and fifty-three 198 one hundred and ninety-eight 203 two hundred and three 405 four hundred and fifty 1,000,000 one million 12,000,000 twelve million 13,632,521 thirteen million six hundred thirty-two thousand five hundred and twenty-one Atentie! se foloseste cratima intre numeralul zecilor si cel al unitatilor Exemple: 21 twenty-one; 99 ninety-nine se pune virgula dupa fiecare grup care indica miile Exemplu: 1,222,351 mentionarea conjunctiei and este obligatorie inaintea grupului zecilor si unitatea finala Exemplu: 2,532 - two thousand five hundred and thirty-two cifrele zecimale se citesc astfel: 2.4832 - two point four eight three two Numeralul ordinal1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelvth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth

19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd ....... 30th 40th ....... 100th 1,000 1,000,000

nineteenth twentieth twenty-first twenty-second twenty-third ....... thirtieth fortieth ....... hundredth thousandth millionth

Mod de formare: prin adaugarea terminatiei "th" la numeralul cardinal corespunzator Exceptii: one --- first (1st) two --- second (2nd) three --- third (3rd) five si nine, la care se suprima -e final, fifth (5th) si ninth (9th) zecile la care -y final se transforma in -ie forty --- fortieth (40th) Alte numerale Data: in Marea Britanie se foloseste intotdeauna forma unui numeral ordinal pentru a indica data. Exemple: 21st July (the twenty-first of July) June 4th (the fourth of June) 23 April, 1989 (the twenty-third of April nineteen eighty-nine) December 29 (the twenty-ninth of December) Fractii: 1/2 se citeste one half 3/4 se citeste three quarters 7/8 se citeste seven eights Ora: ten to one (unu fara zece) half past six (sase si jumatate) twelve and a quarter (douasprezece si un sfert) a quarter to two (doua fara un sfert) Exercitii: 1. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele cifre: 123 1,450 58 33 1,024 985 24 48 -

2. Traduceti in limba engleza: a) Ziua mea de nastere este pe data de 22 mai. b) Am ajuns in Bucuresti pe data de 14 iunie. c) John este al patrulea elev din clasa. d) 4 Iulie este ziua nationala a Americii. e) Primul autobuz din parcare este al nostru. f) Sunt 14 elevi in aceasta clasa. 3. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele ore: 10:45 11:25 12:40 13:30 14:05 Lectia 2: Numeralul - raspunsuri 1. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele cifre: 123 - one hundred and twenty-three 1,450 - one thousand four hundred and fifty 58 - fifty-eight 33 - thirty-three 1,024 - one thousand and twnty-four 985 - nine hundred and eighty-five 24 - twenty-four 48 - forty-eight 2. Traduceti in limba engleza: a) Ziua mea de nastere este pe data de 22 mai. My birthday is on 22nd of May. b) Am ajuns in Bucuresti pe data de 14 iunie. I arrived in Bucharest on 14th of June. c) John este al patrulea elev din clasa. John is the fourth pupil from his classroom. d) 4 Iulie este ziua nationala a Americii. 4th of July is the National Day of the United States of America. e) Primul autobuz din parcare este al nostru. The first bus from the parking is ours. f) Sunt 14 elevi in aceasta clasa. There are fourteen pupils in this classroom. 3. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele ore: 10:45 - a quarter to eleven 11:25 - twenty-five minutes past eleven 12:40 - twenty minutes to one 13:30 - half past one 14:05 - five minutes past two Pronumele 1. Pronumele personal a) cu functie de subiect b) cu functie de complement

a) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de subiect: I --- eu You --- tu, dumneata, dumneavoastra He --- el She --- ea It --- el, ea (neutru), pentru nume de obiecte, lucruri, animale We --- noi You --- voi, dumneavoastra They --- ei, ele, dumnealor Exemple: I am a big girl. He lives near the school. We like chocolate very much. Do you like football? b) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de complement: me - mie, imi, mi (complement indirect) - pe mine, ma, m (complement direct) you - tie, iti, ti, dumitale, dumneavoastra (complement indirect) - pe tine, te, pe dumneata, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) him - lui, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe el, il (complement direct) her - ei, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe ea, o (complement direct) it - lui, ei, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe el, il, pe ea, o (complement direct) us - noua, ne, ni (complement indirect) - pe noi, ne (complement direct) you - voua, va, vi, dumneavoastra (complement indirect) - pe voi, va, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) them - lor, le, li (complement indirect) - pe ei, ii, i (complement direct) Exemple: I watch my brother playing tennis.

You gave me a nice gift. Give them a kiss from me! 2. Pronumele reflexive si de intarire myself --- ma, insumi, insami yourself --- te, insuti, insati himself --- se, insusi herself --- se, insesi itself --- se, insusi, insasi (neutru) ourselves --- ne, insine, insene yourselves --- va, insiva, inseva themselves --- se, insisi, insesi Exemple: I found myself very smart. We did ourselves all the exercises. 3. Pronumele

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