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Romania 2014

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  • Constantin Anghelache

    ROMNIA 2014 Starea economic pe calea redresrii

  • Redactor: Prof. univ. dr. Constantin ANGHELACHE

    Coperta: Adriana POPESCU

    Revizie text: Daniela MARINESCU

    Tehnoredactare computerizat: Nicoleta BOBOCEA Conf. univ. dr. Alexandru MANOLE

    Lector univ. dr. Mdlina Gabriela ANGHEL

    Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei ANGHELACHE, CONSTANTIN

    Romnia 2014: starea economic pe calea redresrii / Constantin Anghelache. Bucureti : Editura Economic, 2014

    ISBN 978-973-709-725-5

    338(498)

  • Constantin Anghelache

    ROMNIA 2014 Starea economic pe calea redresrii

  • ISBN 978-973-709-725-5

    Copyright Editura Economic, 2014

    Autorul este responsabil de clarificarea dreptului de utilizare a informaiilor cuprinse n lucrare.

  • CUPRINS

    Prefa .................................................................................... 21

    Preface .................................................................................... 27

    Introducere ............................................................................ 33

    Introductory chapter. The economic situation of Romania by the middle of 2014 ........................................... 57 1.1. The major macroeconomic evolutions ............................. 58 1.2. The Gross Domestic Product evolution ........................... 61 1.3. The GDP alteration factors by categories of resources.................................................................................. 64 1.4. The GDP evolution by categories of utilizations ............. 66 1.5. The achievement of the Gross Domestic Product by ownership forms ................................................................. 68 1.6. Direct foreign investments ............................................... 70 1.7. The inflation (consumer prices) evolution ....................... 71 1.8. The industrial production indices ..................................... 75 1.9. The production indices in agriculture .............................. 79 1.10. Investments in constructions .......................................... 83 1.11. Production of services .................................................... 86 1.12. The international trade ................................................... 89 1.13. The population and the labor force market .................. 100

    Capitolul 1. Starea economic a Romniei la mijlocul anului 2014 ............................................................ 113 1.1. Principalele evoluii macroeconomice ........................... 114 1.2. Evoluia Produsului Intern Brut ..................................... 117 1.3. Factorii de modificare a Produsului Intern Brut pe categorii de resurse ........................................................... 120

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    1.4. Evoluia Produsului Intern Brut pe categorii de utilizri .................................................................................. 122 1.5. Realizarea PIB pe forme de proprietate ........................ 124 1.6. Investiii strine directe .................................................. 125 1.7. Evoluia inflaiei (preurile de consum) ......................... 126 1.8. Indicii produciei industriale .......................................... 130 1.9. Indicii produciei din agricultur .................................... 133 1.10. Investiiile n construcii............................................... 137 1.11. Producia de servicii ..................................................... 140 1.12. Comerul internaional ................................................. 142 1.13. Populaia i piaa forei de munc ................................ 153

    Capitolul 2. Evoluia social-economic a Romniei n perioada 1997-2000 ......................................................... 165 (Social-economic evolution of Romania during the period 1997-2000) 2.1. Situaia social-economic general ................................ 165 (General social-economic situation) 2.2. Situaia economic a Romniei la sfritul anului 2000 ....................................................................................... 177 (Economic situation of Romania at the end of 2000) 2.3. Principalele efecte ale programului social-economic pentru anul 2000.................................................................... 181 (Effects of the governing program for the year 2000)

    Capitolul 3. Evoluia social-economic n perioada 2001-2004 ............................................................................. 195 (Economical evolution during the period 2001-2004) 3.1. Msuri viznd depirea perioadelor de iarn i pregtirea campaniilor agricole de primvar ....................... 197 (Preoccupation to overcome winter periods and preparation of spring agricultural campaign)

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    3.2. Preocupri pentru relansarea economic ........................ 200 (Preoccupations for economic re-launch)

    3.2.1. Reechilibrare macroeconomic ............................... 201 (Macroeconomic re-equlibrium) 3.2.2. Msuri de politic monetar i de control al cursului de schimb ............................................................ 203 (Measures of monetary policy and for the control of the exchange rate) 3.2.3. Sprijinirea mediului de afaceri ................................ 204 (Support for the business environment) 3.2.4. Agricultura necesit surse i timp ........................... 205 (The agriculture needs sources and time) 3.2.5. Msuri viznd dezvoltarea construciei de locuine .............................................................................. 207 (Measures aimed at developing construction of dwellings) 3.2.6. Nevoia dezvoltrii infrastructurii i modernizrii transporturilor.................................................................... 208 (The need to develop infrastructure and modernize transport 3.2.7. Prioriti privind mbuntirea comunicaiilor i tehnologiei informaiei ...................................................... 209 (Priorities regarding the improvement of communications and information technology) 3.2.8. Programe pentru reabilitarea turismului ................. 210 (Programs for re-habilitation of tourism) 3.2.9. Utilizarea raional a apelor .................................... 210 (Rational usage of waters) 3.2.10. Protecia mediului nconjurtor ............................. 211 (Protection of the surrounding environment) 3.2.11. ntreprinderile mici i mijlocii o prioritate ............ 213 (Small and Medium Enterprises - a priority) 3.2.12. Continuarea procesului de privatizare ................... 215 (The continuation of the privatization process)

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    3.2.13. Sectorul bancar i de asigurri decizii cu marj ridicat de risc .................................................... 216 (Banking and insurance sector - high risk margin decisions) 3.2.14. Atragerea investiiilor strine prioritate vital .................................................................................. 217 (Attracting foreign investments - vital priority) 3.2.15. Relansarea activitii de comer ............................ 218 (Re-launching trade activity)

    3.3. Msuri privind combaterea srciei i a omajului binom al economiei de pia ............................................. 219 (Measures for fighting poverty and unemployment - binome of the market economy) 3.4. Asistena social, starea de sntate a populaiei i protecia copilului .............................................................. 220 (Social assistance, population health and child protection) 3.5. Programe n domeniul educaiei, cercetrii i culturii ............................................................................... 222 (Programs in education, research and culture) 3.6. Consolidarea statului de drept i accelerarea reformei n justiie ................................................................................ 226 (Consolidate the law state and acceleration of reform in the judicial field) 3.7. Aprarea naional, ordinea public i sigurana ceteanului prioriti naionale .......................... 227 (National defense, public order and citizen's safety - national priorities) 3.8. Msuri privind reforma administraiei publice centrale i locale .................................................................... 228 (Measures regarding the reform of central and local public administration) 3.9. Armonizarea relaiilor interetnice .................................. 229 (Harmonization of inter-ethnical relations)

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    3.10. Msuri de consolidare a imaginii Romniei pe plan extern ........................................................................ 230 (Measures to consolidate Romania's image on the external plan)

    Capitolul 4. Evoluia economic a Romniei n perioada 2000-2014 ............................................................. 233 (Economical evolution of Romania during the period 2000-2014) 4.1. Evoluia Produsului Intern Brut ..................................... 234 (Evolution of the Gross Domestic Product) 4.2. Investiiile strine directe ............................................... 240 (Direct foreign investments) 4.3. Evoluia preurilor de consum ........................................ 242 (Evolution of the consumption prices) 4.4. Evoluia industriei i a preurilor de producie ............... 245 (Evolution of industry and production prices) 4.5. Evoluia agriculturii ....................................................... 246 (Evolution of agriculture) 4.6. Investiiile i construciile .............................................. 247 (Investments and constructions) 4.7. Serviciile .................

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