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Proiect cladiri documentatie

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    “Gh. Asachi” Technical University of IasiFaculty of Civil Engineering and Building ervices

    Civil Engineering ! Training in English

    PROJECT 

      Civi l construct ions

    D E S I G N S U B J E C T :

      INDIVIDUAL DWELLING

    tudent" Buliga Claudiu

    #nd $ear% grou&" '#1(

     

    )ro*ect advisors" )rof. +r. Ing. ,agda Brosteanu

    l. +r. Ing. -adu )escaru

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    '

    Technical report

     

    )ro*ect Thee

    +esign Calculation for #5torey d4elling ade /y asonrycross 4alls according to EC2.

     The &ro*ect consists in the design of an individual d4elling/uilding 4ith underground% ground and one ;oor 7Ug.>G>1Fl.9%

    &laced in ur/an environent 7&rovided 4ith electricity% &luing %

    natural gases facilities and internet9.

    Building ituation

     The /uilding is situated at the the e8it of +orohoi city and is

    connected to the se4age syste% to the gas syste% electric and

    4ater syste and also to the internet. The ?one has a te&eratecontinental cliate 4ith the huidity lo4er in the 4inter and

    greater in the suer.

     The location of the construction is done on a relatively level

    terrain% reduced slo&e5 under [email protected] geological surveys results

    that the underground 4ater level is dee&er than the a8iu

    foundation de&th. The area is on e8tra ur/an &lace.

      The /aseent 4ill &rovide the necessary &rocesses of servicingthe construction% such as its o4n central heating% laundry% s&ace

    installations and functional roos 4ith co&leentary

    destinations 7garages% 4arehouses% /o8es% cellars% 4arehouses%

    etc.9.

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    (

      The ground ;oor vie4 4ill include s&aces for day of activities"eetings of the faily% guest rece&tion% food &re&aration andserving of eals% aintenance% study% restroo of short duration%accoodation for guests% and roos for the elderly%circulations&ace and recreation 7halls% terraces9% secondary storage roos7storeroos% oces9.

    n the rst ;oor 4ill &rovide roos and in &articular the &acefor the night% naely" roos% storage% etc. And roos for children Dyoung &eo&le% roo for fun activities% s&aces for fun andrecreation areas for the restroo.Ground Floor"  iving roo" #2.6 #

      itchen" %# #

    Bathroo" #.#

    ce" 1.< #  +ining roo " 11.2 #

    Bedroo " %# #

      taircase" 1#.# # First Floor"

    Bedroo" 1. #

    Bedroo" #2.6 #

    Bedroo" 1.#6 #

    Bathroo" 6.(< #

    Hall" #(.6 #

     The vertical circulation 4ithin the house is &rovided /y a

    staircase. The interior /earing 4alls are ade of /ric asonry of 

    #6 c thicness% and the e8terior 4alls are of '< c thicness. At

    the e8terior the theral insulation is &rovided /y a 1

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    Design of the insulation for exterior walls

     The theral resistance for each eleent of the /uilding envelo&e

    ust satisfy the re0uireent for the theral resistance"

    Roef ! Rnec

    Jith diKerent values of Rnec for various &arts of the /uilding

    envelo& eleents.

     The e0uation used for the estiation of the theral resistance of

    a /uilding eleent for one direction theral ;u8 is"

    e k k 

    e k i ef o b d R R R R 

    α λ α 11

    ,  +

    ⋅+=++=   ∑∑

      L#DJM

     The /uilding eleents of the envelo&e that ust /e veried are"

     The e8ternal 4all% the ;oor over unheated /aseent% to& ;oor or

    roof 7;oor under unheated attic% terrace roof9.

    the theral transfer coefficient through surface" Ni  O %2

      Ne O

    #'

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    -

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    "a#er Thic$ness Ther%al

    con&ucti'it#

    Correction

    coe(centinternal &laster   0,015 0.87

    /ric4or

    asonry0, 25 0,8 1

    theral

    insulation of

    &olystyrene

    0,1 0,04 1,1

    e8ternal&lastering

    0,005 0.87

     

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      -

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    3

    8c%9 8c%9 8c%9 'olu

    %e

    8c%/9

    'olu%e

    8c%/9

    urlin ( 16 16 6'< 113#6<

    (

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    1<

    Sd = γ FSk =1.50 Sk (N.m-2 )

    Sk =μ Ce Ct  S0,k 5  sno4 on the hori?ontal &ro*ection of the

    roofS

    SkL =Sk  *cos α 

     μ – shape coecient >

    S0,k – characteristic value !or sno" loa# on $roun#%

    Ce – e&posure location coecient  

    Ct – ther'al coecient%

    S0,k = ( )N*'( +!or ,otosani- Dorohoi.% Ce / 0% Ct /0 +!or usual

    insulation. 

     1  / 234

    Sk = 23450 5 0 5 (/ 036 )N*'(

    SkL = 1.!*cos22o =0374 )N*'( 

    8 /((o

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    Sd  = 1.5*1."# =$."$ )N*'(

    +ead load acting on a /uilding eleent

    uter garret

    -oof"

    No. "a#er

    Thic$ness

    8%9

    Unit

    weight

    8N7%/9

    Charact.

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    Ulti%ate

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    - )ressed tiles

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    1#

    First ;oor a/ove /aseent

    No

    .

    "a#erThic$nes

    s

    8%9

    Unitweight

    8N7%/9

    Charact?alue

    8N7%39

    Ulti%ate?alue

    8N7%39

    - )ar0uet

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    E8t.

    1

    #'(

    62

    1'

    &laster

    0 )laster

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    1(

    ast ;oor 4ith theral insulation

    No. "a#er

    Thic$nes

    s

    8%9

    Unit

    weight

    8N7%/9

    Charact.

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    Ulti%ate

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    - Inner )laster

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    16

    No. "a#er

    Thic$nes

    s

    8%9

    Unit

    weight

    8N7%/9

    Charact.

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    Ulti%ate

    ?alue

    8N7%39

    - Ceraic Tiles

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    A8ial force"

    groof  O1.'6Q g% 6.'# Q a

    E > 1.66 Q aE

      O (2.# > 6.'# Q #.16 > 1.66 Q #.16 O 21. 1 1.66 Q a

    E

      O 2.'(>1 1

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      Inner wall

    :'i O 70roof syste > d > 0d

    rf 9 Q '.(> 6.' Q '.(  O 71.(' > '.(' > 1.669 Q '.( >6.' Q '.( O ( 6.'# Q a

    1 > 1.66 Q '.(  O 63.> 6.'# Q '.(> 1.66 Q '.( O '.#1:

      :1 O :#

    i > 2.62 Q '.( O 1 (.2 Q a

    1 > 1.66 Q a1

      O 1 (.2 Q '.( > 1.66 Q '.( O 1#. 6.62 Q '.( O 1(6.3( :

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    Ben&ing o%ent 14:

    ? / R 5 e

    [email protected] / 9 l!  5 aE 5 e / [email protected] 5 (30= 5 23270> / 2374( )N5'

    ?( / ?0 / 9 pl 5 aE 5 e / =3=6 5 (30= 5 23270> / 237B4 )N5'

    Chec)in$ o! the sections

    tren$th

      in 22 "here N/N'a&% ?/o

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      in @@ "here [email protected] is s'all% [email protected]/?'a& 

      in 00 "here N an# ? have lar$e values

    0417.00039.082.124

    498.01

    1

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    #<

    :<n7interior 4all9O 1(6.3( :

    h f O3= c'

    #..tan N O 1.#2 ! for inner 4all

    Excentricit# calculus

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    #1

    :u&O6(%( :

    :;O1#%:

    :4O(1%# :

    e=

     N fl∗(t −a)6

    ∑N   ∗ea=

    41,7∗(0,45−0,05)/654,71+12,78

    +0,02=0,06m

    W  x= N w∗( H e− H  x)

     He=41,7∗(3−2,5)

    3=6,95kN 

    :8O6(%(>1#%>2%36O(%# :

    ,8DH8O,sDHe OV M  x=

     M s∗ H  x H e

    =6,95∗2,5∗0,45

    6∗3=0,43 kN 

    e x= M 

     x

     N  x

    +ea=0,43

    74,2

    +0,02=0,026m≤0,075m=t /6

     The results sho4 that there e8ists a sall e8centricity /ecause

    load &oints inside the central core.

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    By EC2"1332 4e have"

    :+≤ :-+

    :+O  ∑γ f ∗ Pk  O(%# :

     N  RD=Φi , m∗ A∗0,8∗f d

    Φ=1−2e

    t   =1−

    2∗0,0260,45

    =0,88

    AOtQ/O

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