Botanica II

Date post:19-Jan-2016
Category:
View:82 times
Download:6 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • Elena SVULESCU

    BOTANIC

    SISTEMATIC

    - 2010 -

  • Botanic sistematic

    - 2 -

  • Botanic sistematic

    - 3 -

    C U P R I N S

    1. NOIUNI DE SISTEMATIC .......................................................................................................7 1.1. Uniti sistematice (taxoni) .....................................................................................................7 1.2. Nomenclatura plantelor ..........................................................................................................8 1.3. Sisteme de clasificare a plantelor ...........................................................................................8

    2. REGNUL MONERA .....................................................................................................................11 2.1. NCRENGTURA ARCHAEBACTERIOPHYTA ..................................................................11 2.2. NCRENGTURA EUBACTERIOPHYTA ............................................................................11

    2.2.1. CLASA EUBACTERIAE.................................................................................................11 2.2.2. CLASA CYANOBACTERIAE .........................................................................................13

    3. REGNUL PROTISTA....................................................................................................................15 3.1. NCRENGTURA CHLOROPHYTA (ALGE VERZI) .........................................................15

    3.1.1. CLASA CHLOROPHYCEAE .........................................................................................15 ORDINUL VOLVOCALES ................................................................................................15 ORDINUL CHLOROCOCCALES .....................................................................................16 ORDINUL ULOTHRICHALES .........................................................................................16 ORDINUL SIPHONOCHLADALES..................................................................................16 ORDINUL BRYOPSIDALES (SIPHONALES) ..................................................................17

    3.1.2. CLASA ZYGNEMATOPHYCEAE (CONJUGATOPHYCEAE) .....................................17 3.1.3. CLASA CHAROPHYCEAE ............................................................................................17

    3.2. NCRENGTURA PHAEOPHYTA (ALGE BRUNE) ..........................................................18 3.3. NCRENGTURA RHODOPHYTA (ALGE ROII) ............................................................18

    4. REGNUL FUNGI ..........................................................................................................................20 4.1. NCRENGTURA MYCOPHYTA (CIUPERCI) ...................................................................20

    4.1.1. CLASA ARCHIMYCETAE .............................................................................................21 ORDINUL PLASMODIOPHORALES...............................................................................21 ORDINUL CHYTRIDIALES..............................................................................................21

    4.1.2. CLASA PHYCOMYCETAE ............................................................................................21 ORDINUL PERONOSPORALES ......................................................................................21

    4.1.3. CLASA ASCOMYCETAE ...............................................................................................22 ORDINUL ENDOMYCETALES ........................................................................................22 ORDINUL PLECTASCALES (EUROTIALES)..................................................................22 ORDINUL SPHAERIALES................................................................................................22

    4.1.4. CLASA BASIDIOMYCETAE..........................................................................................22 ORDINUL APHYLLOPHORALES....................................................................................23 ORDINUL AGARICALES..................................................................................................23

    4.2. NCRENGTURA LICHENOPHYTA ...................................................................................24 4.2.1. CLASA ASCOLICHENOMYCETES ..............................................................................25

    ORDINUL DISCOLICHENES ..........................................................................................25 5. REGNUL PLANTAE ....................................................................................................................27

    5.1. NCRENGTURA BRYOPHYTA (MUCHI).......................................................................27 5.1.1 CLASA BRYOPSIDA.......................................................................................................27

    ORDINUL SPHAGNALES ................................................................................................27 ORDINUL BRYALES.........................................................................................................28

    5.2. NCRENGTURA PTERIDOPHYTA (FERIGILE) ..............................................................28 5.2.1. CLASA LYCOPODIOPSIDA .........................................................................................29

    ORDINUL LYCOPODIALES ............................................................................................29 5.2.2. CLASA EQUISETOPSIDA.............................................................................................29

    ORDINUL EQUISETALES................................................................................................29 5.2.3. CLASA POLYPODIOPSIDA (POLYPODIATAE).........................................................30

    ORDINUL POLYPODIALES ............................................................................................30

  • Botanic sistematic

    - 4 -

    5.3. NCRENGTURA SPERMATOPHYTA ................................................................................33 5.3.1. Subncrengtura Pinophytina (Gymnospermae) ..............................................................33

    5.3.1.1. CLASA CYCADOPSIDA (CYCADATAE)...................................................................33 ORDINUL CYCADALES ...................................................................................................34

    5.3.1.2. CLASA GINKGOPSIDA .............................................................................................34 ORDINUL GINKGOALES ................................................................................................34

    5.3.1.3. CLASA PINOPSIDA (PINATAE)................................................................................34 ORDINUL PINALES .........................................................................................................34 ORDINUL TAXALES.........................................................................................................39

    5.3.1.4. CLASA GNETOPSIDA................................................................................................39 ORDINUL EPHEDRALES ................................................................................................40

    5.3.2. Subncrengtura Magnoliophytina (Angiospermae) ........................................................42 5.3.2.1. CLASA MAGNOLIOPSIDA (DICOTYLEDONATAE) ...............................................42 I. SUBCLASA MAGNOLIIDAE...............................................................................................42

    ORDINUL MAGNOLIALES ..............................................................................................42 ORDINUL BERBERIDALES .............................................................................................43 ORDINUL NYMPHAEALES .............................................................................................44 ORDINUL RANUNCULALES ...........................................................................................44 ORDINUL PAPAVERALES...............................................................................................48

    II. SUBCLASA HAMAMELIDAE ............................................................................................51 ORDINUL HAMAMELIDALES ........................................................................................51 ORDINUL URTICALES ....................................................................................................51 ORDINUL JUGLANDALES ..............................................................................................54 ORDINUL FAGALES ........................................................................................................54

    III. SUBCLASA CARYOPHYLLIDAE .....................................................................................58 ORDINUL CARYOPHYLLALES .......................................................................................58 ORDINUL CACTALES......................................................................................................63 ORDINUL POLYGONALES..............................................................................................63

    IV. SUBCLASA ROSIDAE ......................................................................................................66 ORDINUL SAXIFRAGALES .............................................................................................66 ORDINUL ROSALES ........................................................................................................68 ORDINUL FABALES (LEGUMINOSALES) ................

Click here to load reader

Embed Size (px)
Recommended